Academic Program Code: 156
The Baking & Pastry Arts certificate program is designed to prepare graduates for employment in retail deli-bakeries, pastry and bakery shops, commercial bakeries, and hotel and resort bakery and pastry kitchens. Hands-on laboratory courses include scratch and convenience baking, cake decoration, sugar and chocolate specialty work and deli-bakery management. The program also includes classes in cost control, marketing, sanitation, menu planning/nutrition, and personnel management. Baking & Pastry Arts is designed to be a Certificate program. Graduates will be prepared to directly enter the workforce without the need for additional formal education. There are several associate degree granting programs around the country in baking and/or pastries with which this program may articulate. They include the Culinary Institute of America, Johnson and Wales, California Culinary Academy, and the National Center for Hospitality Studies. GRCC offers two associate degree granting programs in Culinary Arts and Culinary Management. Credits earned from courses within the GRCC Baking & Pastry Arts program may be applied to either of these programs. The course sequencing is presented as a guide only. Courses may be taken in any order, as long as all requirements (including prerequisites) are met. Throughout the Baking and Pastry Arts program, classes are usually offered starting in the early morning and continuing through late afternoon. Additionally, during the second half of the program there are two classes that are required starting in the early afternoon and continue late into evening. All culinary arts classes designated with CA are offered in blocks of seven weeks. Any class having 5 credits and 12.5 contact hours is a laboratory course that meets five hours per day, five days per week. Therefore two culinary lab classes can be taken in each semester. Hands-on laboratory courses include scratch and convenience baking, cake decoration, sugar and chocolate specialty work and deli-bakery management. The program also includes classes in cost control, sanitation and personnel management. This program is accredited by the American Culinary Federation Educational Foundation as an exemplary program.
Gainful Employment Disclosure
Grand Rapids Community College has been committed to creating an educated workforce by offering occupational programs that lead to gainful employment. We invite you to learn the job outlook for the Baking and Pastry Arts program, our completion rates, and financial cost associated with completion.
Essential Abilities/Technical Standards
The Grand Rapids Community College Secchia Institute for Culinary Education faculty has specified essential abilities and technical standards critical to the success of students in any GRCC Culinary Arts, Culinary Management, Baking and Pastry Arts, and Personal Chef Program. Students must demonstrate these essential abilities to succeed in their program of study. Qualified applicants are expected to meet all admission criteria and matriculating students are expected to meet all progression criteria, as well as these essential abilities and technical standards with or without reasonable accommodations.
- Essential judgment skills to include: ability to identify, assess, and comprehend the potentially dangerous situations within the culinary arts production facility (such as hot liquids, fire, sharp knives, slippery floors, large machinery, etc.) for the purpose of problem solving around these conditions and coming to appropriate conclusions and/or course of actions.
- Essential physical/neurological functions to include: ability to use the senses of seeing, hearing, touch, and smell to make correct judgments: Specifically, the use of sensory and physical functions includes:
- Far: Ability to see clearly objects at a far distance (20 feet or more). Corrective lenses permissible.
- Near: Ability to see clearly printed material at close range (12 inches or less). Corrective lenses permissible.
- Other: Ability to distinguish between and among colors. Ability to exercise depth perception to determine space and distance relationships. Ability to exercise peripheral vision to be aware of objects within a large area while eyes are focused on one object.
- Ability to hear in one or both ears so that verbal communication can be received, understood, and acted upon in either a face-to-face or a telecommunications basis.
- A culinarian must be able to hear communicated orders and warnings such as those needed to direct production or call out dangerous situations such as carrying hot liquids or sharp knives.
- Ability of tongue taste buds to distinguish between and among flavors, spices, temperature and mouth feel (smoothness, pungency, etc.) of food and beverages.
- Ability of olfactory nerves to distinguish between and among odors and scents as to their appeal and level of intensity.
- Ability to express oneself verbally with clarity on either a face-to-face or a telecommunications basis.
- Ability of body parts, usually fingers and hands to ascertain the texture of objects or commodities such as smooth/coarse, sharp/dull, as well as temperature, stability, etc.
Physical and mobility functions include:
- Mobility: Ability to move expeditiously around the dining room, kitchen, and storage areas for up to five hours at a time.
- Walking: Ability to exert a reasonably paced mobility from one point to another within a generally accepted time-frame, and recognizing the conditions of the environment as to breadth/narrowness, clutter, etc.
- Bending: Ability to move and control one’s torso so items can be picked up from a lower surface level.
- Kneeling: Ability to flex legs at the knee so that the individual can lower the body coming to rest on one or both knees.
- Handling: Ability to grasp, hold, set down, redirect with hands or fingers, turn, control and manipulate objects and commodities with both upper extremities.
- Fingering: Ability to control and utilize fingers in a dexterous and coordinated manner for such activities as writing, typing, keyboarding, slicing, chopping, operating equipment, etc. with both upper extremities.
- Reaching: Ability to stretch body, and extend arms to place or secure objects and commodities at a distance above, to the side of, or below the normal standing level of the individual.
- Squatting: Ability to flex legs at the knees to lower body position.
- Crawling: Ability to move about on hands and knees and/or feet by mobilizing those body parts.
- Lifting: Ability to use body parts, usually arms and hands (occasionally shoulders and back) to elevate an object or commodity above its previous surface level. Must have the ability to lift pots, pans, etc., up to 40 pounds in weight.
- Climbing: Ability to ascend steps, ladders and other vertical and semi-vertical surfaces to reach a higher level and meet physical expectations to perform required interventions for the purpose of demonstrating competence to safely engage in the practice of Culinary Arts. Behaviors that demonstrate essential neurological and physical functions include, but are not limited to observation, listening, understanding relationships, writing, and psychomotor abilities consistent with course and program expectations.
- Repetitive Motions: Ability to use body parts on a regular and continuing basis to repeat the same motions for a reasonable period of time without resting.
- Stooping: Ability to flex legs at the knees and move the upper body forward and down.
- Standing: Ability to stand for several hours at a time. Must be able to stand and exert well-placed mobility for periods of up to five hours in length.
- Essential communication skills to include: ability to communicate effectively with fellow students, faculty, guests, and all members of the culinary arts. Skills include verbal, written, and nonverbal abilities as well as information technology skills consistent with effective communication.
A culinarian must be able to communicate both orally and in writing with other culinarians and clients. Working as a culinarian also requires knowledge of communication through body language. Profanity, including coarse language, is never appropriate and possible consequences include daily lab grade reduction and/or a reduction in a course grade.
- Essential emotional coping skills: ability to demonstrate the mental health necessary to safely engage in the practice of culinary arts as determined by professional standards of practice.
- Essential intellectual/conceptual skills to include: ability to measure, calculate, analyze, synthesize, and evaluate to engage competently in the safe practice of culinary arts.
- Other essential behavioral attributes: ability to engage in activities consistent with safe culinary arts practice without demonstrated behaviors of addiction to, abuse of, or dependence on alcohol or other drugs that may impair behavior or judgment. The student must demonstrate responsibility and accountability for actions as a student in the Secchia Institute for Culinary Education and as a developing professional in the culinary arts consistent with accepted standards of practice.